Fees & Parameters


If you expect long bouts of inactivity in your pool, do not use Stable Pair as they require frequent updates.

V1: Fee Schedule

Stable Pair
Liquid Pair
Volatile Pair
Short Term Swap
Dedicated Arbitrage
Long Term Swap
Max fees for both short-term and long-term fees are capped at 1%.

Pool Parameters

OBI (TWAP Interval)
Example Assets
Stable Pool
75 blocks or 15 mins
Liquid Pool
300 blocks or 60 mins
Volatile Pool
1200 blocks or 4 hours

LP Benefits

Unlike traditional DEXs where there's a single fee and swap interface, TWAMMs have a dual swap interface. Therefore LPs get fees from both short-term (toxic) and long-term swaps (non-toxic).
// Example LP fees generated in a simple LT swap
LT Swap for $10M ETH -> USDC in 100 intervals
// Parameters
Pool Liquidity: $100,000
Short-Term Swap Fee: 0.05%
Long-Term Swap Fee: 0.1%
Trade Duration: 30k blocks = 100 intervals * 300 blocks per interval
Average Trade Size Per Block: BUY $333.333 USDC per block
// Short-Term Swap Fees (Hypothetical)
1 short-term swap per 30 blocks
SELL $10000 USDC for ETH
ST Swap Fee: $5 = $10k * 0.05%
Number of ST Swaps: 1000 = 30,000 / 30
Total ST Swap Fees: $5,000 = $5 * 1000
// Long-Term Swap Fees
LT Swap Fee: $10,000 = $10M * 0.1%
// Total LP Fees
$15,000 = $10,000 (From Trader) + $5,000 (From Arbitrageur)

Partner Fees

Balancer DAO

Balancer can charge a fee on pools, especially ones incentivized by veGauges, up to 50% of the swap fees. These fees are flexible and will be applied pool-by-pool depending on volume, fees, and other factors. See more here:

MEV: Dedicated Arbitrageurs

Certain partner arbitrageurs will get a lower short-term swap fee to incentivize frequent arbitrage. In return, the arbitrageurs will return some of the MEV extracted back to the protocol which will be donated back to the pool LPs pro rata. See more here:

Live Experiment

Getting the correct fee schedule and setting up the correct incentive structure to benefit all three parties (traders, arbs, LPs) is an extremely difficult problem. We have made our protocol extremely flexible to allow in-flight changes to these fees based on market conditions. There will be changes to the fee schedule to ensure all parties are optimally rewarded.
If you're a researcher or a protocol working on a solution to optimize such fees, please reach out. See the problem statement here: